Cucumber hydrosol: This skin softening and toning hydrosol is excellent as a makeup remover.
caprylyl capryl glucoside: An extremely mild surfactant/cleanser.
PEG-6 Caprylic/Capric Triglycerides: Provides oil free moisturizing in skin and hair care products, a non-sensitizing, gentle cleanser.
Sodium PCA: Humectant.
Panthenol: Vitamin B5; Humectant. Improves skin hydratrion, reduces redness and inflammation, increases wonud healing by stimulating skin epitheliazation, improves skin barrier mechanism repair, mitigates itching and soothes irritation.
Tocopherol: Vitamin E, this vitamin is lipid-soluble, which means that it helps in cell-membrane stability. The antioxidant content in Vitamin E protect our cells from the negative effects of free radicals.
Polyquaternium-51: Cationic polymer derived from sugar. A powerful humectant and protective film former. Stabilizes epidermal phospholipids while significantly improving moisture retention.
Sodium hyaluronate: has been observed to increase the rate of cellular repair while minimizing the formation of scarred tissue, sodium hyaluronate is intended to facilitate cellular repair and renewal to minimize cracking and damage.
Urea: Urea is capable of binding water in the stratum corneum to prevent water loss while effectively moisturizing the skin. Urea also functions as an effective exfoliating agent to help smooth and soften the skin, which normally becomes rough and flakey after desiccation. Both sodium PCA and urea are components of the body’s natural moisturizing factors (NMF), which function as the body’s methods to retain moisture.
Trehalose: Trehalose is a glucose disaccharide that facilitates osmo-regulation, and it can be found in fungi, bacteria, some amphibians and many invertebrates that are forced to survive in desiccating environments. It functions as a carbohydrate reserve in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to stabilize proteins during heat shock and suppresses denatured protein aggregation. Trehalose is also important for overcoming environmental osmotic and oxidative stresses. Topical application of the disaccharide may improve epidermal barrier function, and possibly prevent heat shock.